Download Altruism & Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy & Religion by Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, PDF

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By Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut

The idea that of altruism, or disinterested drawback for another's welfare, has been mentioned by means of each person from theologians to psychologists to biologists. during this ebook, evolutionary, neurological, developmental, mental, social, cultural, and non secular points of altruistic habit are tested. it's a collaborative exam of 1 of humanity's crucial and defining features via well known researchers from numerous disciplines. Their integrative discussion illustrates that altruistic habit is an important mode of expression that may be studied by means of a variety of scholarly tools and understood from various views in either the arts and the sciences. Altruism and Altruistic Love establishes a framework for scholarship on altruism by way of featuring definitions, a ancient evaluate, a overview of latest examine, and debates in a number of disciplines, in addition to a dialogue of instructions for destiny paintings.

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Langton writes, “It is impossible to determine any non-trivial property of the future behavior of a sufficiently powerful computer from a mere inspection of its program and its initial state. The only way to determine phenotype changes is to run the program” (1996, p. 58). The Body of Altruism For the alterity-altruist, the body of the other as other is not the body understood as the coded information that governs its form and behaviors, nor even as the body as given in ordinary experience. The alterity-altruist does not deny that, in our everyday relations with others, we see the body as an ensemble of characteristics—tall or short, agile or awkward—but first and foremost, the body is seen as sentient, capable of suffering.

Altruistic traits evolve because they benefit the group and in spite of the fact that they are deleterious for the individuals that have them. Darwin was a “pluralist” about natural selection; he held that some traits evolve because they are good for the individual, whereas others evolve because they are good for the group. This pluralism became a standard part of the evolutionary biology practiced during the decades in which the Modern Synthesis was created (1930–1960). The idea of group adaptation was often applied uncritically during this period, but the same can be said of the idea of individual adaptation.

The idea of group adaptation was often applied uncritically during this period, but the same can be said of the idea of individual adaptation. This situation changed in the 1960s, when group selection was vigorously attacked. Its exile from the subject was hailed as one of twentieth-century biology’s major advances. Since then, the hypothesis of group selection has been making a comeback; many biologists now think that group selection is theoretically well grounded and empirically well supported as the explanation of some (but by no means all) traits, whereas many others continue to reject it.

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