By Aisha Y. Musa (auth.)
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Extra resources for Ḥadīth As Scripture: Discussions on the Authority of Prophetic Traditions in Islam
While al-Shafi4i refers to those who reject Prophetic reports as ahl al-kalam, he does not identify any particular group or individuals by name. Throughout Kitab Jima4al-4Ilm, he uses with the terms madith and khabar (pl. akhbar) interchangeably when referring to Prophetic reports, but most often the latter. The first section, addressing the doctrine of those who reject all reports, opens with al-Shafi4i’s use of the generic phrase: “qala li qa’il yunsab ila al-4ilm bi-madhhab asmabihi . ” (Someone considered knowledgeable in the doctrine of his school said to me .
The Arabic verb jarrid is the imperative of the second form of j-r-d, literally meaning to make something bare. According to Lisan al-4Arab, when used with the Qur’an as its object, as it is in this story, it means not to clothe the Qur’an with anything. In the Lisan, Ibn Mannur specifically quotes Ibn 4Uyayna (d. 20 However, in this case, 4Umar’s next words indicate the source of the stories (al-amadith) with which the Qur’an should not be clothed—al-riwayat 4an rasul Allah—narration from God’s messenger.
Who those people were is not specified in this story. However, the other stories found elsewhere in the Tabaqat are equally clear in wording and give additional detail. The next story that Ibn Sa4d recounts about the Commander of the Faithful and his attitude toward the Madith is found in volume five of the Tabaqat. It is related on the authority of al-Qasim ibn Mumammad ibn Abi Bakr al-Siddiq (d. 106 AH)—the grandson of Abu Bakr, another of Mumammad’s closest companions and the first of the rightly guided Caliphs who led the Muslim community after his death.