By Eugene Raikhel
Bringing anthropological views to endure on habit, the individuals to this crucial assortment spotlight the contingency of habit as a class of human wisdom and event. in response to ethnographic study carried out in websites from alcohol remedy clinics in Russia to Pentecostal habit ministries in Puerto Rico, the essays are associated via the members' cognizance to the dynamics—including the cultural, medical, felony, non secular, own, and social—that form the that means of "addiction" particularly settings. They study the way it is known and skilled between execs operating within the legal justice process of a rural West Virginia neighborhood; Hispano citizens of recent Mexico's Espanola Valley, the place the speed of heroin overdose is without doubt one of the maximum within the usa; homeless ladies partaking in an outpatient habit remedy application within the Midwest; machine-gaming addicts in Las Vegas, etc. The collection's editors recommend "addiction trajectories" as an invaluable rubric for studying the altering meanings of habit throughout time, position, associations, and person lives. Pursuing 3 basic trajectories, the members convey how dependancy comes into being as an item of information, a website of healing intervention, and a resource of subjective experience.
Contributors. Nancy D. Campbell, E. Summerson Carr, Angela Garcia, William Garriott, Helena Hansen, Anne M. Lovell, Emily Martin, Todd Meyers, Eugene Raikhel, A. Jamie Saris, Natasha Dow Schüll
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Additional info for Addiction Trajectories
There are other kinds of scars, such as those on the skin. The needle marks and abscesses that mapped Alma’s body—open wounds in the literal sense—powerfully attested to how addiction is also a historical formation and immanent experience. These are wounds in which the future, the present, and the past commingle through the force of recurring need: the need to score heroin, the need to get high, the need to ﬁnd a vein. Alma once described it to me this way: ‘‘The thing about being hooked is you’re always thinking ahead, thinking about your next ﬁx, how you’re going to get the money, where it’s going to come from.
In the French context, ‘‘toxicomania’’ developed in a unique historical, institutional, and national context and has often been articulated self-consciously as an alternative to the AngloAmerican addiction paradigm. A key distinguishing feature of the toxicomania paradigm is its largely psychoanalytic orientation (Lovell 2006). Narcology—the specialty of addiction medicine in post-Soviet countries—uses two terms: ‘‘narkomaniia’’ and ‘‘toksikomaniia,’’ the former generally denoting dependence to illicit drugs and the latter to pharmaceuticals (Babayan and Gonopolsky 1985).
Consider, for instance, expressions often repeated among elder Hispanos: ‘‘Todo es historia’’ (History is everything). It is a saying that simultaneously acknowledges the loss of times past and the longing for continuity in a precarious and changing world. Another, ‘‘La historia es una herida’’ (History is a wound), is frequently evoked in the context of expressing the material and cultural losses that resulted from the region’s past. And another, ‘‘Chiva es el remedio para todo’’ (Heroin cures everything), is repeated by the addicted.