By Joe Salmons
Spoken language is topic to consistent switch and the effect of different audio system. This e-book takes in a survey of literature to be had related to accessory attrition and merging, and is going directly to express that accessory shift occurs internationally and in all social settings, eventually taking in an research of prehistoric eu proto-language with the focal point on a proposed shared Celtic-Germanic accessory method.
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Extra info for Accentual Change and Language Contact: A Comparative Survey and a Case Study of Northern Europe
Why distinguish between language contact settings and areal phenomena at all? It would indeed seem that areal phenomena merely represent features spread by the means discussed in the preceding section. The most important difference is that—like the prehistoric northwestern European situation—the language contact patterns have frequently been obscured by time. Areal phenomena would, in general, seem to represent the current evidence of earlier contact situations. 44 Comparative Data Hyman (1977:58–63) shows areal groupings for stress placement that stretch across numerous languages.
This pattern includes the number of tones—increasing steadily as one moves south along the “Chinese dialect cline”—along with basic word order and syllable structure. See also Hashimoto (1983), where he treats the diffusion of tones across the Chinese-speaking territory. ” 46 Comparative Data Matisoff (1973:82–83) has proposed a cycle running from tone to stress and back (also treated by Mazaudon 1977:84–85). They and numerous other scholars working on tonogenesis are simply dealing with the other side of the coin under consideration here: Instead of looking at shift from pitch accent (or tone) to stress— called “detonematization” in Weidert (1987)—they are analyzing the developments from stress to pitch to tone.
These examples are also European; they involve the general linguistic structures of interest here—although there are exceptions—with even some sociolinguistic parallels in the contact settings. First treated here is the problem of Scandinavian contact and loss of Scandinavian pitch accent in Finland Swedish, southern Jutland Danish stød in contact with Low German, and accentual changes in Icelandic and Faroese. That language contact contributed to the loss of pitch accent in these languages has been suggested by Haugen (1970).