By Thaddeus E. Weckowicz
As indicated by means of its identify "A historical past of significant rules in irregular Psychology", this e-book is not only all for the chronology of occasions or with biographical information of significant psychiatrists and psychopathologists. It has as its major curiosity, a examine of the tips underlying theories approximately psychological disorder and psychological overall healthiness within the Western global. those are studied in response to their ancient improvement from precedent days to the 20th century. The ebook discusses the background of rules concerning the nature of psychological disease, its causation, its remedy and likewise social attitudes in the direction of psychological sickness. The conceptions of psychological ailment are mentioned within the context of philosophical principles in regards to the human brain and the clinical theories triumphing in several classes of heritage. yes perennial controversies are awarded comparable to these among the mental and natural ways to the therapy of psychological disease, and people among the focal point on illness entities (nosology) as opposed to the point of interest on person personalities. The ideals of primitive societies are mentioned, and the advance of early medical principles approximately psychological affliction in Greek and Roman occasions.
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Additional resources for A History of Great Ideas in Abnormal Psychology
From whom Hippocrates took the theory of four elements, stressed the importance of emotions of love and hate as the controlling agents of human behaviour and of physiological functions. ), in his philosophical writings, stressed the inner psychological reality in contrast to the reality of the external world. He believed that the human soul consists of three parts. 1) The rational soul, which resided in the brain. 2) The animal soul, controlling emotions and passions, was located in the chest.
John Cassian (360-435), who was interested in asceticism, described the sorrow and melancholia of young monks who carried on ascetic practices. Gregory the Great (540-604) advocated psychological counselling of parishioners who were distressed. (Mora, 1967). Although Christianity was a monotheistic religion, it was influenced by some of the prominent mystical beliefs of the East, especially as these were exemplified in the Gnostic heresy. An animistic world view revived. As in the early stages of Antiquity, the world was once again populated with benign and with evil spirits who haunted certain localities.
One of the members of this school, Philistion of Syracuse (the fifth century), influenced by the ideas of Empedocles and Anaximenes of Miletus (the sixth century) about the importance of air for life processes, developed the theory of pneuma. Pneuma was a life-giving breath inhaled from the all pervading soul of the universe, which gave a vital energy to the organism and was responsible for its movements. ” It became the focus of controversy between the “Vitalists” and the “Mechanists” in the nineteenth century.