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W e can observe the same relationship in aor form s: zaprev, zapre ‘stop’ 1 sg, 2-3 sg as opposed to zaprav, zapra. This duality was already manifest in the older texts: trava and treva in PS, in which we also have changes of re to ra: pravrati ‘turn away’ , pravratisj£, pograbajq, ‘bury’ act pres part, vramje ‘time’ . Such examples also appear sporadically in other OCS texts. 28. The process which led to the elimination of weak jers and to the vocalization of strong jers (a > o, 6 > e) was in progress b y the 10th centu­ ry.

Y 54. The fact that this vowel originally sounded like u is shown by SI toponyms in Greece where it is so adapted in Gr pronunciation: Kapooxia (SI Jcoryto ‘trough’ ), MayouXa (SI mogyla ‘mound’ ). It is also replaced by u in old SI loan words in A lb : maMlce ‘pole’ (motyJca), magule ‘groove’ {mogy­ la}I. During the 9th and 10th centuries this vowel probably had a pronun­ ciation of the type found nowadays in the R u. The blurring of the distinction between the hard and soft declensions due to the dispalatalization of palatalized consonants and other factors (see § 36) greatly limited the possibilities for distinguishing y and i.

Of course, this still was the representation of vocalic r and l, but the new spelling was made pos­ sible by the change in the structure of the syllable, since closed syllables became com m on after the loss of the jers. ) differs from other medieval texts in a large number of examples (ca. 18) in which a jer is written before the letter l : xblma ‘hill’, rmlnii, uimlcitb ‘fall silent’ 3 sg, w>lhb ‘w olf’, vblka gen sg, pblti gen, pblng ‘full’ acc sg fern, etc. There are no such examples with vocalic r (except the isolated tbnmi denmi ‘three days’ instr).

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