By Aviezer Tucker
The fifty entries during this Companion hide the most concerns within the philosophies of historiography and background, together with common heritage and the practices of historians.• Written by way of a world and multi-disciplinary workforce of experts• A state-of-the-art up-to-date photograph of present study within the field• a part of the popular Blackwell Companions sequence
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Extra resources for A Companion to the Philosophy of History and Historiography (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)
In this case, the historian performs as a creature conditioned by his language, culture, epoch, and personal history. On the other hand, the opposite cluster of attitudes claims that only certain parts of the past comprise the object of history (what is not progressive is not an object of history, as Schelling observes; history assumes historicity (Geschichtlichkeit) and becomes an object of phenomenology). History, which is independent of us, resides in the past as an ore lies hidden in a rock.
Collingwood, R. G. (1946). The Idea of History (Oxford: Oxford University Press). Croce, B. (1941). History as the Story of Liberty (London: George Allen & Unwin). Danto, A. (1965). Analytical Philosophy of History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Finley, M. I. (1987). Ancient History: Evidence and Models (New York: Penguin). Goodman, N. (1978). Ways of Worldmaking (Indianapolis: Hackett). Hempel, C. (1942). “The Function of General Laws in History,” Journal of Philosophy, 39, pp. 35–48.
But the passive role of the historian as collector and lister of facts denies the worries of subjectivity, and this is similar to pure empiricism that is associated with positivism. A more sophisticated view of narrative starts by regarding the individual components of the story as the pieces of evidence used to construct the larger description of what happened in the past. Then we can acknowledge that the evidence, the building materials of the narrative, are indeed influenced by the historian.