Download A Companion to the Philosophy of History and Historiography by Aviezer Tucker PDF

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By Aviezer Tucker

The fifty entries during this Companion disguise the most concerns within the philosophies of historiography and heritage, together with average background and the practices of historians.
• Written by means of a global and multi-disciplinary crew of experts
• A state-of-the-art up-to-date photograph of present examine within the field
• a part of the well known Blackwell Companions sequence

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People remember what they think is important, not necessarily what the interviewer thinks is most consequential. An oral historian studying Texas teachers who made the transition from the one-room schoolhouse to modern consolidated schools found that white teachers said almost nothing about racial segregation or the details of the integration process. Blacks, Hispanic Americans, and disabled students remained largely "invisible" in their memories. 36 Regardless of the project's worthy objectives, a good oral history will always leave room for interviewees to speak their own minds, and will not try to shoehorn their responses into a prepared questionnaire or mind-set.

The Columbia Oral History Research Office, together with the New-York Historical Society and other New York museums, quickly launched a project to interview those who had escaped the World Trade Towers, families of victims, police and fire fighters, rescue and relief workers, and members of nearby Muslim communities. Underwritten by the National Science Foundation, the project not only conducted initial debriefmgs but planned additional interviews in later years to examine the durability of memories of traumatic events.

Project interviewers might follow members of a state legislature from session to session, capturing their versions of how legislation was enacted or defeated. An oral history project might be concentrated on a neighborhood or a particular ethnic group within the community. Oral history is appropriate not only for looking at the broad sweep of a community's history but for examining it at a specific time, say during the Second World War or during the 1960s. An event (an election, a strike, the construction of a monumental building) or catastrophe (a hurricane, a flood, a major accident) can be its organizing theme.

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