By Steve Pincus
For 2 hundred years historians have considered England’s excellent Revolution of 1688–1689 as an un-revolutionary revolution—bloodless, consensual, aristocratic, and in particular, brilliant. during this exceptional new interpretation Steve Pincus refutes this conventional view.
By increasing the interpretive lens to incorporate a broader geographical and chronological body, Pincus demonstrates that England’s revolution was once a ecu occasion, that it happened over a couple of years, now not months, and that it had repercussions in India, North the USA, the West Indies, and all through continental Europe. His wealthy ancient narrative, in line with plenty of latest archival study, strains the transformation of English international coverage, non secular tradition, and political economic climate that, he argues, used to be the meant final result of the revolutionaries of 1688–1689.
James II built a modernization application that emphasised centralized regulate, repression of dissidents, and territorial empire. The revolutionaries, against this, took good thing about the recent financial probabilities to create a bureaucratic yet participatory nation. The postrevolutionary English country emphasised its ideological holiday with the previous and expected itself as carrying on with to adapt. All of this, argues Pincus, makes the wonderful Revolution—not the French Revolution—the first actually smooth revolution. This wide-ranging booklet reenvisions the character of the fantastic Revolution and of revolutions often, the explanations and outcomes of commercialization, the character of liberalism, and finally the origins and features of modernity itself.
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Additional resources for 1688: The First Modern Revolution (The Lewis Walpole Series in Eighteenth-C)
Not only were the celebrations of the revolution ubiquitous in 1788, but they were wide-ranging and multivalent. Clerics, journalists, pamphleteers, and poets all expressed their interpretations of the great event. No one in England, Scotland, or Ireland, indeed few in Britain’s colonies, could have been unaware of the centenary of 1688. However, Continental developments soon halted these discussions and debates. The establishment Whig interpretation of the revolution quickly achieved hegemonic status.
18 Opposition Whigs, like the parliamentary managers of 1710, emphasized that the revolution inaugurated an era of religious liberty. ” Many Dissenters and Opposition Whigs believed that the principles of religious liberty set forth at the revolution needed further statutory expansion and elaboration. The Revolution was a beginning not an end. But, they insisted, the revolution had marked a fundamental turning point. The Dissenter Andrew Kippis admitted that the religious liberty established at the revolution was “far short” of the “enlarged and philosophical principles” of the late eighteenth century.
In 1680 Charles XI formally achieved the status of absolute monarch.